Guest post by Great Leadership monthly contributor Beth Armknecht Miller:
So what is the OIL Method?
As an executive coach, I have been using this method for years and actually spend time assisting executives to develop their proficiency in this method as well. Observe, Inquire, and Listen, OIL, are the three aspects to fully understanding and developing others by improving the components of effective communication. When a leader practices these techniques effectively and consistently magic happens. Suddenly the performance of others improves and the leader has time to do more of what she needs to be doing, leading not doing.
1. Employee Interaction
How does an employee interact with others? And whom are they spending their time with? What differences in behavior do you see when they are comfortable versus uncomfortable with others?
How do they respond to performance feedback? And how do they respond to accountability? What do they do to encourage other’s to perform at great levels?
Who is timely versus who is late? Who has difficulty making decisions? Who is proactive and bringing you solutions versus those who complain and whine? Who is making excuses versus taking responsibility?
4. Environment and other external factors
A person’s workspace, clothing, and can give a leader clues about an employee’s preferences. Look for things that are out of place or behaviors that that are unusual for an individual or a team. And great way to observe is by MBWA, Management by Walking Around.
And in order to master inquiry, you first need to define the goal you want to accomplish. Here are some goals that a leader may want to accomplish through good questions:
1. Coaching employees to self reflect and commit to specific actions
2. Learning about situations, people, processes, etc.
3. Persuading others to move in a specific direction or make a certain decision
4. Seeking clarification and understanding to redirect misunderstandings or conflicts
5. Building existing or new relationships by asking people for their opinions
Only until you have become clear about your inquiry, can you form the appropriate questions.
So what gets in the way of actively listening? Here are the top five things that work against a person being able to actively listen:
1. Doing other things in addition to listening such as email, text, or other tasks that take your focus off the person speaking
2. Personal opinions and biases can distract you from listening to the message being delivered. They can also cause you to interrupt the other person.
3. Emotions that you have about the subject can shut down your ability to listen and understand the other person’s point of view.
4. Not identifying what is missing. That is, what isn’t said can be just as important as what is said.
5. Not clarifying what you just heard from the other person. We all have our personal filters which impact interpretation during communications. Make sure you ask questions to understand and then paraphrase back to the person what you heard.
Leaders who practice these three communication skills build a reputation for increasing employee performance and making better decisions. How often do you incorporate these techniques of observing, inquiry, and listening, and how do you plan on increasing and improving their use?
Beth Armknecht Miller’s is CEO of Executive Velocity, a top talent and leadership development advisory firm. Beth is a trusted executive consultant, Vistage Chair, and committed volunteer. She is a graduate of Babson College and Harvard Business School’s OPM program. She is certified in Myers Briggs, Hogan, and Business DNA. And she is a Certified Managerial Coach. Beth’s insight and expertise has made her a sought-after speaker, and she has been featured in numerous industry blogs and publications. To learn more about Beth visit BethArmknechtMiller.comor Executive-Velocity.com.